Administering Medication in Child Care Settings: A Best Practices Tutorial
This training was designed as education for child care personnel who may administer medicine. It is a resource to learn about the role of the provider, parent/guardian, and health care professional in administering medication to children. As a provider, you will also learn about the forms of medication and techniques to effectively administer them. Each module strives to provide best practice recommendations, BUT please consider these in relation to your licensing requirements.
Before you begin: Introduction
Consider taking the pre-test as you work through the modules (you may use this to complete the survey and earn 1.25 hours of Registry Continuing Education Hours).
Module 1: administering medication overview
Provides background information on the federal and state laws that need to be considered when considering administering medication, and serving children with special needs. This module introduces providers to the American’s with Disabilities Act and the Individual’s with Disabilities Education Act. This module further explains the role of medication and why it is administered, the relationship between the parent/guardian, provider, and health care professional, and the types of medication.
Module 2: health care forms
Provides a summary of the health care forms needed in childcare. Because forms vary by state, the WI forms are accessible by the link below. This module explains the authorization to administer medication, the process for safely accepting and storing medication, and what information is needed to appropriately log any medication administered. This module also provides guidance about what should be included in a Medication Policy, storage and disposal of medication, and confidentiality.
Module 3: How to Administer Medicine
Provides the common definition of medication errors and offers solutions to try to minimize these. This module includes The 5 Rights, expands on “as needed” medications, universal precautions, medication preparation before administration, and offers practical tips for to successfully administer medication to children.
Module 4: Documentation
Provides a summary of the medication log and offers best practice advice for maintaining an accurate log, thereby minimizing medication errors. This module outlines what must be documented in the medication log. Included in this module is the importance of documenting any comments or observations before/after medication is administered, as this may be important information for the parent to share with a health care professional.
Module 5: Problem-Solving
Provides further information about medication errors, identifying error patterns, and how to address these in documentation. This module informs the provider about side effects, adverse reactions, and allergic reactions, and how to address them. This module additionally includes advice about field trips, and self-administered medication, and strategies for handling inappropriate medication requests.
Go to American Academy of Pediatrics, Healthy Futures for additional presenter notes, resources, and other FREE training opportunities.